Many scientific texts require the development and testing of a thesis. What is behind it?
A thesis is a simple statement whose truth is to be tested. It often sets the framework for all the work and should therefore be well thought out. A basic requirement here: A thesis must be able to be processed argumentatively: It is not enough to make a statement that can be confirmed or refuted by looking into a reference book.
A well-worded thesis is the most important milestone in scientific work after the topic has been identified and narrowed down. Only if researched cleanly and logically closed, good results can be expected.
The thesis must be considered academically, with the help of different findings from the literature. Incidentally, it is no shame to be unable to substantiate a thesis or even to conclude that it has been refuted after the literature has been analyzed. Because the insights gained in the evaluation process are usually more valuable than the satisfaction of a misunderstood scientific ambition that would bend the facts.
A thesis should not be confused with a hypothesis – which is a subcategory of the theses – hypotheses do not contain only one-dimensional statements, but connect several factors in the form of relationships or rules.
A thesis can serve as a starting point for the more complex hypotheses.
In short, if a statement consists of a mere assumption, if the terms used can not be clearly defined, or if it is trivial, commonly available knowledge, it is not a thesis. Luther’s list of demands from the year 1517 is only colloquially from theses – but not from theses in the academic sense.